Theory of Knowledge 25/35
Theory of Knowledge is a course unique to the International Baccalaureate Programme. This course is meant to present the course to you in such a way that it actively engages you, your beliefs, and your knowledge and will challenge, support and raise new questions about things that you know, or thought you knew.
- Aim: to engage students in reflection on, and in the questioning of, the bases of knowledge.
- Areas of knowledge: Natural Sciences; Human Sciences; History; the Arts; Ethics; Mathematics; Religious knowledge systems; Indigenous knowledge systems
- Central Question: How do we know that a given assertion is true, or a given judgment is well grounded?
- Knowledge Claims: Assertions or judgments projected as truth.
- Linking Questions: Questions are used to make connections between the elements of the ToK Diagram. They are not limited to and should not be equated interdisciplinary connections. These questions focus on ten areas: belief, certainty, culture, evidence, explanation, interpretation, intuition, technology, truth and values.
- Problems of Knowledge: Possible uncertainties, biases in approach to knowledge, limitations of knowledge, methods of verification, justification appropriate to different areas of knowledge.
- Thinking Skills: Ability to identify problems of knowledge, to analyze and evaluate claims and counter-claims, to draw interdisciplinary links, and to be aware of differing underlying values.
- Knowledge issues: Student must explore the strengths and benefits of different types of knowledge. The student is expected to inquire into into the legitimacy and usefulness of the ways of knowing in their broadest sense (e.g. faith, logic, intuition, etc.).
- Ways of knowing: Emotion; Reason; Language; Sense perception; Faith; Imagination; Intuition; Memory.