Allegory of the Cave

I would like you to read the following story. It can be a little hard to understand so don’t sweat the small stuff (don’t try and understand every word or phrase!), but work your way through it, and take your time to consider what each sentence is telling you about the people in the story.  If you find it easier to print and follow along then do so.  Think about what ways of knowing (sense perception, reason, language, faith) play an important role in the story. When you are done look at this video which shows the same story and consider answering these questions for your blog:

  • What does this story say about what we know today?
  • What does it say about what we may may or may not know in the future?
  • To what extent does this story comment on sense perception, reason, language and faith as a way of knowing?
  • Was this story surprising in any way?

35 thoughts on “Allegory of the Cave

  1. I think that this post is very interesting too look at because it reveals a lot about interpretation and variations in perception. From this article we are reintroduced to the ways of knowing by the use of various testimonials. These interpretations use reason to understand the text like they use previous knowledge from other texts to understand this text. Plato from the article expresses that “education is not a process of putting knowledge into empty minds, but of making people realize that which they already know”. This quote talks a lot about how people de- construct what they know so that they can understand what they want to know. Also the article talks about how people know the truth in their mind and it depends on them if they want that truth to become reality. On the whole, the article talks about how people use theories and previous knowledge to interpret texts.

  2. Wow, I really loved that video, it was pretty profound. I enjoyed the ending, they made me really want to think about how I see things, and how others seem them as well. With the freed prisoner attempting to tell the story to his friends. Him appearing ‘as all things do’. i liked how they said that to his friends , the world outside the cave, to them, will never exist, and about how it does not make the world outside the cave any less real… The article was a bit more confusing to understand, but it was along the same lines. The mans sepration from the outside world has lead him to be more observational of what he comes in contact with outside the cave. He can see the world with a new eye and be unbiasd as be judges and percieves the land aound him. Very interesting concept. It makes me really think about what bias i have when i see new things, what makes me see things the way i do? For all we know, the way we have been living right now could be `the cave` and this is trying to show us that we need to step outside our caves and see that around us with new eyes.

  3. I thought that both the movie and story were very interesting in their treatment of how different representations of reality influence one’s perspective.
    The people facing the cave can only see a blurry, obscure vision of the world behind them: they only see the world through shadows. When one of them is freed, they try using language to communicate the reality of the world they see, but the people facing the cave are unable to understand him. The caved men still only understand their world through shadows, but the freed man now sees the cave differently; because he sees the reality as well. The cave is still the entire reality for the chained men, but the freed man sees much more, and the cave no longer means the same thing to him. I think the allegory shows us that when we take an “outsider’s” view on something, we will get a much different perspective than a “participant’s” view of the same thing.

  4. I found this video very interesting. I think that we are all somewhat similar to the men in the cave because we may have knowledge about our surroundings but the world is so immense that there is no way for us to know about everything in the world. We are similar to the prisoners also because we know our surroundings but once something or someone is from a completely different place than what we are used to, at first we don’t understand them. Just like in the video when the released prisoner returned to the cave to explain what it was like in the outside world.

  5. According to Socrates, being happy as a human is connected to being enlightened, from the myth “Allegory of the Cave” The video mentioned shadows that the prisoners were looking at their entire lives. This could represent average people that live dull lives that have not experienced any enlightenment. Even after 2000 years, this holds true as we can imagine people glued to their televisions watching endless images of amusing “shadows”. When it mentions a prisoner released, we could see that he was reluctant as first, since he was dragged against his will. Later, however, he became enlightened by the knowledge outside the cave. The sunlight represents goodness and morality. His ascent to the sun embodys the upward journey of the mind from the physical things we see everyday to the spiritual, which is of course a metaphor for the learning process. When the prisoner came back, he became part of the shadows the others see, because they cannot see past things they cannot understand. However, “this of course does not make the world outside of the cave any less real”. This world of knowledge exists, but almost none of us actually tries to reach for them. Considering the “cave” a modern person that only understands what the society makes him think happiness is, which is buying more and more. He does not understand why he must buy them. We need to break the chains and walk towards the light to be enlightened, to find truth, and to understand WHY people behave like they do.

  6. Excellent comments from both of you. The allusion to our modern world even from a story that is over 2400 years old is very powerful. Keep up the good work!

  7. The concept of the short video and what it represents is very powerful, and can be relevant in today’s society. A specific example is how we are not held prisoners by chains, but rather by our televisions and devices. Our experience of the world is limited to only what their screens can display, similar to the shadows on the cave wall. Once you leave and experience enlightenment from your venture outside, you go back and describe what you have seen, but as your colleauges haven’t experienced what you have felt, they cannot understand you. Another important theme is the idea that just because you cannot feel something (in your current state) doesn’t mean it doesn’t exist. In order to become enlightened one must break the chains and become free in mind as well as body.

  8. The story compiles the belief of that: if you judge the world based upon what you see then it shall become your reality. This is portrayed through how the prisoner’s release causes his perspective of the world to change, but as he tries to chant the stories to his fellow prisoners, still in chains, they cannot hear him clearly. They merely view his shadow in its grotesque form and accept it as the normal reality, for it is the only one they know of. The most important message of the story is: “This of course does not make the world outside of the cave, any less real.”

  9. Plato believed in the theory of Forms, which asserts that the objects we see in the “material world” do not truly exist, but merely imitate their true Forms. The allegory of the cave is a reflection of his theory; what is tangible to us, in his view, is but a crude derivation of its true Form, a caricature of the fundamental reality these Forms provide.
    We are the sum of our sensory experiences; there are colours that the naked human eye will never view, and there are sounds the unaided human ear will never hear. We may not be dubious of their existence, but we will not be able to comprehend their characteristics, much like the confusion of the prisoners when their “enlightened” acquaintance attempted to convey the wonders of the world that he had seen. This can be compared to the act of attempting to describe a particular colour to the blind or a particular sound to the deaf – a typical trait of human cognition is the linking of new perceptions to previous perceptions, the tendency to compare and contrast between impressions. Therefore, it is nearly impossible for the prisoners to grasp an idea so dissimilar to those of their own. Having never seen objects in three dimensions, they cannot be blamed for failing to imagine the world in more than two dimensions.
    (This brings Flatland to mind.)
    Our brains can only wholeheartedly embrace so many new ideas in a lifetime; once one’s view of the world is developed, it is almost impossible to alter it completely. This may be one of the reasons as to why theories that are widely regarded as the truth – or “knowledge” – today, such as heliocentricism and the theory of evolution, were met with reproach and slow to be accepted at the time of their introduction; for most people, they soak up what is given to them as “knowledge” and “truth” early on without being able to put forth their own theories of reality, their thought processes and knowledge “tainted” with the influence of their experiences and surroundings. This allows the possibility of indoctrination, where certain ideas and perceptions are deliberately fed to subjects to alter their worldview and thought process, similar to the video.

  10. I think it is very interesting. Ways of knowing and not knowing makes a lot of difference. It is like a baby staying away from the fire of the candle, because he/she knows that it burns when he/she touch it. However, the other baby will dare to touch the fire, because he/she does not have the knwledge of burning. Basically, knowing something makes sharing of knowledge and communication. I can connect to this vid, because i was just like the prisoners when I first came to Canada.

  11. That’s a very interesting analogy Grace, I didn’t think of this in connection to my experiences in other countries, but you’re right, there’s a lot of similarities.

  12. Good comment Ryan, did this make you think of anything you might have come across in your life? It is a profound idea when we start wondering how big our own personal caves might be.

  13. Very very interesting story, not too surprised this was an idea by Plato. He explores the idea of a world that exists outside someone’s point of view, it applies to the concept of just because you can not see it for yourself, it does not mean that it does not exist. Oftentimes like portrayed in the video, it is also difficult to communicate your thoughts to other people because different people will have a different point of view on an idea; however other people may not see it your way.

  14. It is clear to see that Plato is trying to say that the way we learn and the way we experience the world around us is purely based on our perspective of the world. Like the prisoners in the cave we do not know anything other than the world we live in, yet this does not mean that our point of view is the only one.
    Throughout time we have come to understand that this is right and every day we realize that our perspective of things is not as big as we thought it to be. For example during some period time people were convinced that the earth was flat, and no one would have thought it otherwise but, this did not mean that the earth was really flat as we later on discovered. Because of these changes in perspectives over time our theories, and even some laws, of the world have changed.
    Recently, for example, one of Einstein’s famous laws was proven wrong when a particle was able to travel faster than the speed of light. Although the actual speed it traveled was just parts of a second faster than light, it has proven to us that our perspective has been wrong and it leads to us looking for more answers. I personally think this is the very nature of humans, because it is what keeps us asking questions and keeps us living.
    I also think that is is impossible for one man “to know it all” because after all everything is just about the way we perceive the world around us, and this changes from person to person. Like it is said in the video “They cannot understand his fantastic stories of the world outside of the cave. To them it will never exist.This, of course, does not make the world outside of the cave any less real.”

  15. Although the setting in the video does not represent our modern day society, it very much relates to us and many ways. In this story the chained prisoners are locked inside a cave, blocked from the outside world. They can’t see and view life the same as people outside the cave. When one prisoner is let free, he is able to see a different perspective of life. As he goes back into the cave to share his experience with his friends, they can’t recognize him. The story tells us that we know what we see and although the distance between the freed prisoner and his friends aren’t that far apart, their views and perspectives are totally different. Not much different from our modern day society, our knowledge is what we are taught. People in our societies are prisoners of modern technology and rules. Like the chained prisoners, we are imprisoned in the world of high technology, and government power. Everything we know is taught to us and everything we believe in is manipulated in some way. Just like the chained prisoners, they were put there with their backs facing the path. What they see on the wall and what they hear is their reality, even if it’s not the same as ours. “To them it will never exist. This, of course, does not make the world outside of the cave any less real.”

  16. It is an interesting video. I personally don’t like the slow cartoon animations, they just make me want to stop watching. I think the video is talking about isolated societies, minds, or countries around the world. Due to isolation from the outside world, citizen of the isolated will find it hard to believe any technology or people or even languages exist outside of their own. We are like the prisoners in the video. We are the prisoners of the world or even countries. We only get to know what the government and the media want us to know. The video is saying that we will get surprised if we know the confidential data or the parts that have been blocked by the media. Being in a isolated living world, the video is also saying that we will be surprised plenty if other lifeforms exist outside our planet. Like the above comments, I also believe what we learned is what the government wishes us to learn. We are like the prisoners, but instead of a wall, we faces the words from a single perception: the government of our country. EX: 911. From what I know based on different countries’ media, there are people in various countries actually praised and clapped when 911 occurred. In Canada and United states, people are taught that Osama bin laden is an evil terrorist, but like the prisoners, we(Canadians)did not receive any information following the cold war; why our ally in the cold war decided to turn against the US? This is because media and the government don’t wish citizens to know any facts other than what they wish us to know. Wrap it all up. We are like prisoners in the video no matter how democratic our country is. As long as there is a government and media, we will not receive all the information other than the ones they wish us to see and know.

  17. This is, of course, a timeless lesson that can be applied to our knowledge be it today or thousands of years ago. These are often the best, and as we see here, there are many parallels that we can make alongside these chains that the prisoners are attached to and what the ‘real world’ outside of the cave really is.

    Some people might take this as a direct reference to something spiritual – something that not everyone can see or believe. The chains could be how we are raised, and what we are taught in today’s society. One could call the prisoner being able to see the ‘truth’ and therefore he see’s the reality of his own spirituality, and yet it is impossible for him to describe this others that were in his case before, and it is equally impossible for them to understand what its like that he’s experienced.

    I believe that it is something more though. It doesn’t have to be spiritual. These chains the prisoners are bound by, I interpret them as the ignorance of the human race. Most people, and infact the typical person, is ignorant to what is truly around them, and relies on their senses to evaluate what is real and what is not. This is the root of such concepts like Materialism, where happiness and fulfillment is measured in that of a physical or visual sense. Plato is insisting that for us to see what is really around us we must keep an open mind and treat speculations just as if they were what seems obvious.

    The deepest question though, of course, is how can we be unlocked from these chains. Who is to take them off of our wrists and let us go and explore the truth? The answer is not in the reliance towards others though. We must look within ourselves when we look for answers. If we start to veer from this and put false hope and start trusting others, these people are just as locked to the walls of the cave as you. Everyone is a prisoner in the cave, and don’t let them tell you otherwise. Use your own wits to figure out how to get out.

  18. Great responses from all of you. There is some profound thinking going on here. The cave can indeed have many different interpretations, I find your descriptions illuminating.

  19. I found this video very interesting and I was not surprised to find out that this idea is by Plato. This video shows how our learning and ways of knowing is mainly based on our perspective of the world such as , the world from the released prisoner perspective and the unreleased prisoners perspective.The released prisoner experienced the outside world where as, for the unreleased prisoner the prison is their world. This video also shows the experience that we experience when we are introduced to an new concept or topic.We get excited and share with our friends of what we discovered but, our friends won`t experience that same emotions unless they get to experience it themselves just like the scenario where the released prisoner get`s excited and shares his perspective with his friends (who are still not released) but all his friends heard was a blabber. It also shows us as kids cacooned under our family protection. To us as kids our world is family, school, games, restaurant and our hobbies. But,as soon as we come out of the cacoon we get to face the real world as matured adults. Though this video does not represent the world in 21st century it still relates to us in many ways.

  20. The cave serves greatly to represent how limited people in society are, because we are controlled by higher authority who blinds and deafens us so we have a controlled perspective. I feel as if the cave could also show the oppression conformity has against people who choose to be different and choose to venture and reason for themselves. Oftentimes, people with negative opinions are unpopular, because they are usually overpowered by a larger group with opposing beliefs. At the end when the freed prisoner tries to speak to the people still in the cave, they are unable to comprehend him, just like how people how become so homogenous, that we are unable to interpret new ideas and beliefs. To venture away from the “cave” that has been put upon us, often puts one in danger of being shunned and makes the rest a lonely journey.

  21. This is a very interesting video. I am not at all surprised that this video is made by Plato. Philosophers such as Socrates and Plato introduced great ideas and allegory of the cave is one of them. Allegory of the cave is story told by Plato through Socrates. The message is quite clear that the way we see the world and concepts are solely depended on our perspective. For example, in the video, the released prisoner first saw bright light when he exited the cave then he adjusted to the society. Now, for him the world is what he experienced right now trees, people, sky etc; while as, the other prisoners are ignorant of this fact and for them their world is the prison. The released prisoner tried to tell them how it’s like outside the cave but the others prisoner didn’t even recognize him as there was a thick wall between them and all they heard was blabber. The other prisoners were ignorant of the truth and solely relied on what they saw ( which they thought was the truth.) So, according to my perspective the moral of the allegory of the cave is that You must experience something and not only judge something from the way it looks. You must first live in someone’s shoes before you are able to feel what they feel and understand how they live. never judge a book by it’s cover and this case never judge something by it’s cover from outside.Live and breathe the experience, then speak. I thought this video also connects to French revolution in a way. This video will be an perfect example for the meaning of Age of Enlightenment because Age of enlightenment is a movement which says don’t trust the authority and don’t trust anything that you were told by anyone, think it all by yourself and test it by yourself.
    I posted this comment already a week before but it didn’t work I hope this works =)

  22. From my perspective, the video encourages us to question the validity and depth of what we think is true. It challenges us to not just accept what we initially see but to try to expand the boundaries (composed from our limited worldviews) we place on ourselves. Plato acknowledges that it is extremely difficult to accept something that one has not experienced or seen in an illuminated light before through the ex-prisoner’s friends.

    The menagerie of shadows from the people travelling on the cave could represent the fragments of reality that is around us daily. However, we are unaware. With our restricted knowledge, we can only produce shadowy and incomplete conclusions on these realities.

    Meanwhile, the juxtaposition of the dark restricting cave and the brilliant light of the sun stresses that we struggle to grasp concepts under the suppressions of our limited understandings while a vast territory of untouched knowledge surrounds us. When one breaks out of their “cave” though, they stumble upon euphoric epiphanies that enlighten them.

  23. This story came as somewhat of a surprise at first glance. However, after more viewing and deeper thought, it became quite clear the extent to which it relates to us. Through music, images, and colour, this video appeals to the audience’s emotions in order to connect them to the story. Near the end, the prisoner is released and experiences a whole new world outside, whom then wishes to share his adventures with his friends. They are unable to comprehend what he is explaining, similar to the different views and perspectives people are raised upon. As one person today may interpret something different than another, his friends decipher his message in a completely different way than that of him. This results in an oblivious state of mind.

    This story implies that our knowledge of the present day society is extremely limited as exposition of every idea/purpose is merely impossible. It is very unlikely for one to take into account the opinions of everyone when considering an idea. Therefore, we are able to take in new ideas with a ‘grain of salt’ to avoid a parallel point of view. This allows for a deeper and more diverse understanding of the world. With this in mind, society is capable of having the possibility of understanding new ideas to a greater extent; however, with certain limitations.

  24. Though this does not exactly relate to history class, and is a little off topic for the question, when I watched this video it reminded me greatly of the Scientific Revolution. Before this time knowledge was controlled by the church, and anything that went against the church was rejected. For me the prisoners trapped in the cave represented the general population during this time period. The lone prisoner who was allowed to leave the cave reminded me of someone like Galileo, exposed to ideas far beyond his wildest dreams. When he came back to tell the others of his discovery they could not comprehend him because of their warped view of the world. As was stated in the video this did not make the outside world any less real, just as, though the church vehemently denied it, the earth continued to circle around the sun. This suggests to me that it will be very difficult to change our worldview, though it is possible as long as individuals continue to go through personal enlightenment. We as a society just have to listen to these people instead of continuing to stare blankly at what we already know because sometimes looking at things in a new light is just what we need.

  25. As a philosopher, Plato would be committed to the advancement of knowledge and wisdom. In his “The Allegory of the Cave”, the cave represents a person’s life experiences. A cave is a physical location limited by space and place; just like our personal experiences are somewhat limited, representing a small portion of the overall reality. Knowledge outside of our personal experiences is not less relevant or real than those experienced by others. This video is saying that a person’s perspective of the world is mainly based on what one sees and experiences personally in life. The prisoners’ limited views of the world were limited based on the distorted visual shadows and auditory stimulus. Every individual has a unique perspective on the world and therefore there are no right or wrong beliefs. The notion of right and wrong are dependent on what each individual believes based on prior experiences. This is also perhaps a major basis for varying religions and philosophies being embraced by its followers as the one true way. Faith makes something real to an individual.

    The story also demonstrates that tacit knowledge must be codified in order for others to understand it. When the former prisoner wanted to share what he had learned and experienced outside of the cave with the others prisoners, his own tacit knowledge was not codified so that the others could understand it. Only if the other prisoners could experience what he had learned firsthand would they be able to fully learn what he was trying to show them. But even though the prisoners could not understand what he was saying did not make his beliefs and experiences any less real.

  26. This allegory truly reflects the idea that depending on your current point of view (which can be effected by your country, family, society etc.) you can be shaded from a whole aspect of the world. Even when a part of an unknown aspect reveals itself to you- you may not understand what it is. This really brings to light the fact that our point of view really closes us off to a whole world of knowledge and experiences.

  27. Plato uses the Allegory of the Cave as a represented meaning of how the prisoner is like a philosopher is freed from the restrictions of what society thinks to be true. Plato uses the prisoner to symbolize a philosopher that is finally free and able to go further than what society knows and thinks is true and understands the true meanings and situations in society.

    This story is also very representative of what we know today because we only can learn from what others have decided to teach us. For example, in school we learn what is in the curriculum from our teachers. However, science and technology is continuously changing, therefore it is difficulty to truly know what is right or wrong. New ideas and sciences are always changing or being adapted. Plato’s Allegory of the Cave also makes us consider what new ideas or new perspectives will be discovered in the future. Humans have already used scientific theories to predict what will happen in the future years, but it is beyond human control or understanding the reality of what is to come in the future.

    According to the story, sense, perception, language and faith can sometimes lead to misguided interpretations of a certain situation. For example, what we see or think is happening may not be entirely true because we don’t know the whole truth of a situation. However, the story does support reason as a way of knowing because it can be backed up by logical explanations. Nonetheless, reason as a way of knowing still has the flaws of misguided perceptions because it makes you “how do you know what you know”. In my opinion, this story was surprising when I understood the true meaning and symbolism within the story. Plato was very clever is his use of the prisoners in the cave. This allegory really helped me to see that sometimes we need to dig a little deeper and question what we know in order to understand the true meaning of situations.

  28. This video reminded me of the story “If a tree falls in the forest and no one is there to hear it, did it really fall?”
    I think the fact that the prisoners knew only the world that was presented to them and had troubles believing in anything else easily relates to our own lives. There is no way for anyone to know that the world they’ve known their whole life is really the reality they assume it to be. But when you’ve known nothing else, as it was with the prisoners, you have nothing to compare your knowledge with. We take the rules of our society and the laws of science as solid facts because we’ve been told they were true for our entire lives. If we were told they weren’t true, we would have a hard time believing it (just as the prisoners couldn’t understand their peer that had experienced the outside world). But how can we know that these constants in our lives are true for sure? Like the prisoners who were in a cave that was only a part of an entire world, we don’t really know whether or not we are part of a bigger picture. We could be someone else’s dream, or our entire universe might be inside of a giant’s snow globe. Just because we don’t know about it (or we didn’t hear the tree fall) doesn’t mean it doesn’t exist (or it didn’t happen). We don’t know if what we are experiencing is true, but we have to accept it because it’s all we’ve got.

  29. I believe this video shows how open-mindedness leads to furthering one’s own knowledge and allows seeing a completely different world. The video talks about how the imprisoned, “cannot understand his fantastic stories outside of the cave,” which can be interpreted as an analogy to today’s society and how for people with a set idea on something find it impossible to think in a different way than that of their own. Also, it brings to question what we as people could possibly be missing. Could we be “stuck in our own cave” like the prisoners? And what could possibly lie outside of the cave? And if we were told what it was, could we even comprehend or believe the existence of this outside world?

  30. This video can certainly teach anyone an important lesson about giving other perspectives and viewpoints a chance. Too often in society perspectives of other are shut down and rejected based on the bias of the individual. If someone is different than us we immediately deny them. If we take it into our hearts to attempt to understand other points of view, we can open our eyes to a world that we never knew. Much like the characters in the video. The video demonstrates that the world just beyond the boundaries of our own mind is composed of remarkable things that can bring out the best in us.

  31. The simple principle that since we don’t know anything about something it can still exist can be interpreted to support almost any viewpoint. It could be used to justify religion or to support the big bang. The obvious interpretation of Plato’s philosophy is that we should keep an open mind. Certain details in this allegory lead me to think Plato had a target audience for this story. The idea that the people tried to interpret the echoes and the shadows leads me to think that Plato was talking about his own work and about his lack of knowledge (The wise man knows he is a fool). Another aspect of this that makes me think he was talking specifically about his own research is that the released prisoner tried to share what he knew with the others. Any research especially hypothetical research like that of Plato’s that contradicts the status-quo is always faced with opposition.

  32. I found this video to be quiet eye-opening and definitely a brain thinker. The fact that the prisoners were underground for their entire lives and their judgement of people only came from what reflected on the rocks from the shadows enlightened the fact that they were very sheltered from the outside world. When brought onto the scale of the real world, this video makes you question. Is everything that we keep enclosed in our borders all that we really know? Depending on the point of view and certain perspective that we’ve been obtained to our whole lives, is there a possibility that the objective of certain things can be totally interpreted in a different manner when seen in the eyes of people half way across the world? When the video mentions, “This is the only world that the prisoners have ever known,” makes us question ourselves. Is the same perspectives and ideas that we enclose ourselves in, all that we really know? Are there more that expands beyond our borders? Think about it.

  33. In the “Allegory of the Cave” everyone in modern society csn relate in some way to the prisoners. The prisoners’ knowledge of the world around them is very much limited to what they can see on the cave wall. Similarily, the knowledge of people today is also limited but in a different way. We will never be able to know everything about everything. There are areas in science, for example, that will never be fully understood. Other subjects pose the same problem: will we ever truly know whether or not Shakespeare wrote all of the plays that he did? Perhaps someday we might, but there will always be people sticking to what they know and unable to understand the new knowledge,trapped in place by limitations such as chains and cave walls. In these ways everyone is alike. It is impossible to know everything.

  34. We believe we know more than we do so we close off our minds. When others come to us with new information, it is difficult to let go of what we know and to start to accept this new knowledge. Learning may be extremely difficult. It is not easy to stretch your brain in new ways. However, learning is essential to development. With each new discovery, we find new ways to improve, but it also comes at a cost. Some times with enlightenment comes the realization how how wrong things have been that you used to think were true and/or morally correct. Sometimes it may be hard to understand what people are trying to teach you, or how they could think the way they do. It is important to ask questions to try and best understand the information you are being presented with. Could this information really be true and is it better than the information you currently have?

  35. This video is truly very interesting. The message is very clear and true. Human Beings have a perspective of how they view and understand the world. They do not believe anything they don’t want to believe. Like the prisoner in the video. The prisoner does not believe there is a world outside of what he knows and lives. The prisoner was scared to hope that there was a better world outside. I just think that sometimes when people are scared, they hope for better circumstances but do not necessarily believe in them. Only some people not all.
    The other thing is that Humans do not believe in things that they think do not exist. For example, If we asked Christopher Columbus if there machines that would fly alongside with the birds…He would have not believed in it. If we talked to King Akbar about things such as Telephones, He would have not believed us. Instead, I think, that they both would have laughed at us and send us to a mental hospital (if they had existed during that time?. But the fact is that both of those things exist now. They are alive in this world and no one finds them surprising. Similarly, the prisoner does not believe in the outside world because he has no knowledge about it. If he got the chance to go outside, then he would believe it.
    I believe that our brain can be stretched to an certain extent. By that I mean that our mind can be open to new ideas to a limited extent. Human might believe in some things but after a limit, they start to skeptical. If we told someone me about a formula that can make humans invisible. I would be skeptical and would not believe in it. Just like the prisoners.
    But all in all, this video was very interesting and made me think about things that I do not think about daily.

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